Canadian Clouds (VPS)

Canadian VPS comparison

This Canadian VPS comparison table features VPS hosting providers that are not only Canadian, they host the servers on Canadian soil. This is useful to anyone interested in moving their data to Canadian soil, but especially to public sector organizations like those in British Columbia that need to comply with 30.1 of FIPPA. If this is of professional interest, you might want to contact PrivaSecTech for a consultation in this area.

If you’re moving your personal data to a virtual private server (VPS), it’s good to remember that anyone who has physical access to a machine, can compromise it.

This means, if choosing one of these VPS providers, you’re trusting every one of their staff who can access the VPS, as well as anyone who can physically access the server in the data centre. Don’t hesitate to ask the provider how many of their staff could access the data, what their policy is in working with law enforcement, and how they would know if their servers were compromised.

That being said, I often get asked for Canadian solutions, and I prefer them myself. This is a list I’ve started to compile of cost effective VPS solutions, that offer an entry level VPS for $5/month or less.

If you know of any others that are competitive in price, or offer superior privacy or security features, please comment below.

Owncloud and Pydio

Installing owncloud and pydio on Debian 8

Update: I was asked for a list of Canadian hosting providers where one can try the steps below, so I created this list of Canadian VPS providers. If you want someone to just do this all for you, email [email protected] and I can have it all running in one business day for you.

These are the step by step instructions for installing owncloud and pydio on Debian 8. It assumes you know how to navigate the GNU/Linux file system, and use an editor like vi.

You can consider this a more private replacement for tools like Google Drive, as the files and data are all stored on a server that is in your control. For everyone outside of the US, and many inside the US, this is ideal.

I got my information from this installing owncloud on debian 8 guide and the official owncloud 8 guide, and this pydio guide. I installed these on a fresh version of Debian 8, with the goal of having pydio as default for hosting images, and having /owncloud for owncloud (mostly caldav, for sharing calendars and reminders)

I leave out the SSL certificate generation from this document. You can create a self-signed certificate using OpenSSL, or if it’s for personal use, you can get a free one from Before starting this guide, you should have an SSL certificate file (likely ends in .crt) and an SSL certificate key file (likely ends in .pem).

We’ll start with pydio (6.0.7):

You’ll have to manually append the following lines to the bottom of your /etc/apt/sources.list file :

deb stable main
deb-src stable main
deb /

Then you have to install the public keys using the following command :

wget -O-[email protected] | sudo apt-key add -
wget -O-  | sudo apt-key add -

Finally, update the apt-get database and install pydio and owncloud:

sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install pydio owncloud



In /etc/apache2/sites-available/ I created a default.conf and deleted the 000-default.conf and default-ssl.conf as in my case I was setting up a dedicated machine. Replace default.conf with your servername.conf if this is on a shared webserver. Copy and paste this into default.conf, following the instructions in any line that start with a pound sign):

<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
# replace with your IP which can be found by running /sbin/ifconfig:
# replace with your server name and email address
        ServerAdmin [email protected]
        DocumentRoot /usr/share/pydio
        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
        CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
        SSLEngine on
# Remember those two SSL files you created at the beginning? Place in them in these directories and make sure the path and file names are correct:
        SSLCertificateFile      /etc/ssl/certs/
        SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/ssl/private/
        <FilesMatch "\.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)$">
            SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
        alias    /pydio    /usr/share/pydio
        alias   /owncloud  /usr/share/owncloud
      <Directory "/usr/share/pydio">
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride Limit FileInfo
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
      <Directory /usr/lib/cgi-bin>
            SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
        BrowserMatch "MSIE [2-6]" \
            nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown \
            downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0
        BrowserMatch "MSIE [17-9]" ssl-unclean-shutdown

Now we can enable this new site, and then restart apache with ssl:

sudo a2ensite default
sudo a2enmod ssl
sudo a2enmod rewrite

Edit /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini and change the ‘output_buffering = 4096′ to ‘output_buffering = Off’
In /etc/apache/ports.conf comment out Listen 80 by putting a pound symbol in front of it, we only want SSL.

When I went to check in /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/ I noticed the symlink to 000-default.conf was still there so I deleted it. I only wanted symlinks to default.conf.

sudo service apache2 restart

# if your SSL key has a password, you will have to enter it now, when you want to start the web server.

then open in your browser. You should get the ‘Pydio Diagnostic Tool’ with everything listed as OK except for Server Charset Encoding which will be resolved later. If there are any other issues, please resolve these before going to the mysql section. If you do see this screen, you’re on the right path, scroll down the next section, setting up mysql:

For debugging:

sudo lsof -i:443 # will show you if apache 2 is listening

All your logs are in /var/log. The apache2 logs should be in /var/log/apache2 and you will likely need to use sudo to view them.


sudo mysql_secure_installation

Hit enter several times, accepting all the defaults.

mysql -u root -p

Enter your mysql root password.

mysql> create database mycloud;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> create database pydio;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

# Replace passwords and usernames below:

mysql> create user 'webuser'@'localhost' identified by 'AReallyStrongPassword&^*$1999';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> create user 'clouduser'@'localhost' identified by 'AReallyStrongPassword&^*$54321';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> GRANT ALL on mycloud.* to 'clouduser'@'localhost' identified by 'AReallyStrongPassword&^*$54321'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> GRANT ALL on pydio.* to 'webuser'@'localhost' identified by 'AReallyStrongPassword&^*$1999'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> exit Bye

Pydio Web wizard

Now let’s go back to our browser and begin the web wizard at (replace with your domain name). Click on ‘click here to continue to Pydio’ link at the top of the webpage. Now click on “Start wizard”.
Admin Access: Fill out the four text boxes.
Global options: should be fine to leave defaults
Storage type: Choose database! Now you will have to enter your mysql information you just configured above. (database: pydio, user: webuser). Use mysqli: No. Now you can test the database, make sure you can connect. If not, resolve this!
If it worked, you’ll likely see a green popup saying “Connexion [sic] Established!”

Add some users: Add a user, don’t normally use this site with the admin user that you’re currently completing the wizard with.
Now click, “Install Pydio now!”
It is likely you will now get a screen informing you that Pydio can’t write the htaccess file, so you’ll have to do it on the command line. Carefully copy and paste this file form the browser, and replace whatever is currently in /usr/share/pydio/.htaccess

Once you’ve done this, reload the page in your browser. You should now be able to login to pydio!

Set up the ownCloud:

In your browser, visit

You should see a login window. Below it, choose “Storage and Databases” and choose “Mysql”. Enter the info you setup above.
Database User: clouduser
Database Password:AReallyStrongPassword&^*$54321
Database Name: mycloud

If all has went well, you should now be able to login to owncloud as well!

You likely want to go into modules, and enable the Calendar module. You might also want to enable the Server Side Encryption module that will encrypt your data at rest.

Connecting clients:

There is a free Pydio app for iphone and Android, and a paid owncloud app. If you want a free alternative to the owncloud app, there’s an Android CalDav Sync Adapter. It’s written by a third party however, and I’m not sure if this code has been audited.

In owncloud, if you click on calendars, it will give you the URLs to cut and paste into your calendar apps. I was able to get my syncing with ical and reminders on OSX after creating the calendar account to link to owncloud.

Free cloud-based computing and storage for Canadian startups

Last week I joined in the the Startup Canada #startupchats on Twitter. I saw a CANARIE account interacting, which until now I thought was only accessible to post-secondary and government. CANARIE controls the highly coveted knowledge and innovation infrastructure across Canada I always thought had a high cost to access, until now. It was strange to see them participating in a startup discussion, so I asked them how a startup could access their network, and they quickly replied, “We offer a free cloud service for startups “.

@cqwww and @canarie_inc

@cqwww and @canarie_inc on Twitter #startupchats

I went to their website late last night and after reading the fact sheets, I applied. Their form took less than 10 minutes to fill out. This morning I woke up to an email that my application was accepted, and included a login and password to my account. The Dashboard looks similar-ish to AWS, and they use OpenStack, so it’s easy to port your solutions to commercial options when you’re ready to move to production.




If you’re wondering how DAIR compares to Amazon AWS and Rackspace:

Comparison of Amazon, Rackspace and DAIR

Comparison of Amazon, Rackspace and DAIR

Unlike the 1-3 month trials of popular solutions, DAIR offers “at least one year” of a trial. CANARIE suggests their offering would be equivalent to on Amazon AWS could cost $2,800 USD and $2,100 USD on Rackspace. Thanks to CANARIE for this amazing solution to help Canadian Startups!

If you know of any other solutions that would help Canadian startups get off the ground, let us know in the Facebook Canadian Entrepreneurs group, or in the Canadian Startups subreddit.


Creative Mornings Vancouver

Creative Vancouver meetups

If you’re new to Vancouver, you might be looking for some creative Vancouver meetups. It could be to meet other interesting people, entrepreneurs, hackers, or innovators, or it could be just to be inspired. If you know of any more to add, drop me a note. Groups:

I’ve also built a list of Vancouver’s Hack Spaces or Creative spaces if you’re interested.

Ideas – Vancouver meeting May 14th

This month, you’re invited to join us at 18:00 at Matchstick Coffee (Chinatown – Vancouver) to discuss amongst other things:

See the Facebook group, Ideas Meetings Wiki, and event link.

See the poster:

Ideas Vancouver

Ideas Vancouver –